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fitxy "Slalib


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      F T X Y
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  Fit a linear model to relate two sets of [X,Y] coordinates.

     ITYPE    i        type of model: 4 or 6 (note 1)
     NP       i        number of samples (note 2)
     XYE     d(2,np)   expected [X,Y] for each sample
     XYM     d(2,np)   measured [X,Y] for each sample

     COEFFS  d(6)      coefficients of model (note 3)
     J        i        status:  0 = OK
                               -1 = illegal ITYPE
                               -2 = insufficient data
                               -3 = singular solution


  1)  ITYPE, which must be either 4 or 6, selects the type of model
      fitted.  Both allowed ITYPE values produce a model COEFFS which
      consists of six coefficients, namely the zero points and, for
      each of XE and YE, the coefficient of XM and YM.  For ITYPE=6,
      all six coefficients are independent, modelling squash and shear
      as well as origin, scale, and orientation.  However, ITYPE=4
      selects the "solid body rotation" option;  the model COEFFS
      still consists of the same six coefficients, but now two of
      them are used twice (appropriately signed).  Origin, scale
      and orientation are still modelled, but not squash or shear -
      the units of X and Y have to be the same.

  2)  For NC=4, NP must be at least 2.  For NC=6, NP must be at
      least 3.

  3)  The model is returned in the array COEFFS.  Naming the
      elements of COEFFS as follows:

                  COEFFS(1) = A
                  COEFFS(2) = B
                  COEFFS(3) = C
                  COEFFS(4) = D
                  COEFFS(5) = E
                  COEFFS(6) = F

      the model is:

            XE = A + B*XM + C*YM
            YE = D + E*XM + F*YM

      For the "solid body rotation" option (ITYPE=4), the
      magnitudes of B and F, and of C and E, are equal.  The
      signs of these coefficients depend on whether there is a
      sign reversal between XE,YE and XM,YM;  fits are performed
      with and without a sign reversal and the best one chosen.

  4)  Error status values J=-1 and -2 leave COEFFS unchanged;
      if J=-3 COEFFS may have been changed.

  See also slPXY, slINVF, slXYXY, slDCMF

  Called:  slDMAT, slDMXV

  P.T.Wallace   Starlink   11 February 1991

  Copyright (C) 1995 Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
  Copyright (C) 1995 Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Inc.

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