BUGS · SEE_ALSO
invmetric -- Translate RA/Dec to WF/PC or WFPC2 pixel coordinate with geometric corrections. This is the "inverse" task of metric.
invmetric infile[group] ra dec
This task does the inverse functionality of the task METRIC, i.e. translate the celestial coordinate to the WF/PC or WFPC2 pixel coordinate. This task uses group parameters CRVAL, CRPIX, and CD matrix coefficients from the input image to translate RA/Dec to X/Y. Thus the epoch of RA and Dec must be the same as these group parameters, usually J2000 for HST data.
This task can take two kinds of inputs: (1) a single pair of (RA,Dec) coordinate, specified by using the ra and dec input parameters; and (2) RA and Dec in table(s), specified by passing the table and column name (separated by a space) for the ra and dec parameters.
Results are sent to the terminal. The output will contain the following columns:
* original input RA/Dec * Output X and Y and the chip number
If you have an image put together by the task wmosaic, you should simply use the task rd2xy to convert RA/Dec to X/Y.
- infile [string]
- Input image name. Only one image at a time can be processed; wild cards and image section syntax are not supported. The header keyword INSTRUME and group parameter DETECTOR of this file is used to determine which geometric coefficients are to be used. If no group number is specified, the task will find the most appropriate chip, i.e. the chip where the point will be in the first quadrant. If a group number IS specified, this task will be forced to find X/Y in that chip.
- ra [string]
- The right ascension. Two types of input are possible:
1) The parameter ra can be a number representing RA, and the dec parameter is passed a number representing the declination.
2) ra can be passed a table name (in either ASCII text or STSDAS format) with a space between the table name and column name, for example, ra = "file.tbl COLNAME". In this case, you can specify a column name for the declinations using the dec parameter. If separate tables are passed to ra and dec and the two tables have different numbers of rows, the task will quit at the end of the shorter table. You can also enter values interactively by passing "STDIN" as the table name; in this case, you would end input by typing an EOF character (usually Control-Z or Control-D).
- dec [string]
- The declination, see above.
- (ra_unit) = "auto" [string, "auto|hour|degree"]
- Unit of the input RA. If this parameter has the value "auto", the task searches the input ra string and assumes the RA is in hours if there is any colons, otherwise it assumes RA is in degrees.
- (x) [string]
- The output X coordinate of the last (RA,Dec) pair.
- (y) [string]
- The output Y coordinate of the last (RA,Dec) pair.
- (chip) [string]
- The output chip number of the last (RA,Dec) pair.
1. Single pair of (RA,Dec) input:
cl> invmetric w1234567t.d0h "19:12:23.1" "33:22:11.123"
2. Input positions from a text table where RA (in hms) are in the 3rd column and Dec in the fifth column, send result to the file coord.result:
cl> invmetric w1234567t.d0h "coord.txt c3" "c5" ra_unit="h" > coord.result
3. Input RA from an STSDAS table coord.tab and Dec from a text table coord.txt. RA's are in the column called "raname" and Dec's in the 1st column:
cl> invmetric w1234567t.d0h "coord.tab raname" "coord.txt c1"
4. Input RA's and Dec's from the terminal (each line has an RA,Dec pair, first column is RA):
cl> invmetric w1234567t.d0h "STDIN c1" "c2"
Geometric distortion and camera offset/rotation coefficients for WF/PC were supplied by Roberto Gilmozzi and Shawn Ewald at STScI in November 1992. Coefficients for WFPC2 were supplied by Roberto Gilmozzi, Ellyne Kinney, and Shawn Ewald in December 1994.
If the point corresponding to the specified RA/Dec is beyond the nominal range of WF/PC or WFPC2, this task may run into a floating error or give inaccurate results. A warning message will be issued.
If the input RA/Dec are from the command line and the RA is in sexagesimal format, make sure the input number is enclosed by double quotes.