mtexamine -- examine the structure of magtape or a single disk file
- Tape or disk file, e.g. "mta1600", "mta1600" or "data".
- file_list = "1-999"
- List of tape file numbers or ranges delimited by commas, e.g. "1-3,5-8". File_list is used only if no file number is given in tape_file. Files will be read in ascending order, regardless of the order of the list. Reading will terminate if EOT is reached, thus a list such as "1-999" may be used to read all the files on the tape. File_list is ignored is input is a single disk file.
- dump_records = no
- Dump selected records?
- rec_list = "1-999"
- List of tape record numbers or ranges to be dumped delimited by whitespace or commas e.g "1-3,4".
- swapbytes = no
- Swap bytes?
- byte_chunk = 1
- The number of bytes which are considered as one output element. The maximum number of bytes permitted in byte_chunk is the number of bytes in a long integer on the host machine.
- output_format = "o"
- Permitted types are character(c), octal(o), hexadecimal (x), decimal (d) or unsigned decimal (u). Character dumps are only permitted for byte_chunk = 1. Unless decimal format is specified, the data are dumped as unsigned integers.
By default mtexamine determines the record structure of all files on a magnetic tape or a single disk file. Selected files can be dumped by setting the file_list parameter. Selected records can be dumped by setting the dump_record switch and entering a record list. The user can select the byte chunk and the output format for the dump.
Mtexamine can also be used to dump a single disk file. However the concept of a block is not well defined for disk files. Mtexamine defines a block to be one IRAF file io block which is usually some multiple of the machine block size.
1. Determine the record structure of a magnetic tape and send the result to the file tapedump.
cl> mtexamine mtb1600 > tapedump
2. Dump the third tape file in octal bytes on the standard output.
cl> mtexamine mtb1600 du+
3. Dump the contents of the fifth record of the third tape file in ASCII characters on the standard output.
cl> mtexamine mtb1600 du+ re=5 ou=c
The IRAF magtape i/o routines do not permit data beyond a double EOF to be accessed. Therefore mtexamine cannot be used to examine tapes with embedded double EOFs.