setjd -- set various Julian dates in image headers
- The list of images for which to compute Julian dates. If the listonly parameter is not set the image headers will be modified to add or update the calculated Julian date values.
- observatory = ")_.observatory"
- Observatory of observation, used to define the time zone relative to Greenwich, if not specified in the image header by the keyword OBSERVAT. The default is a redirection to look in the parameters for the parent package for a value. The observatory may be one of the observatories in the observatory database, "observatory" to select the observatory defined by the environment variable "observatory" or the parameter observatory.observatory , or "obspars" to select the current parameters set in the observatory task. See observatory for additional information.
- date = "date-obs"
- Date of observation keyword. The value must be in FITS format. This is one of DD/MM/YY (old FITS format), YYYY-MM-DD (new FITS format), or YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS (new FITS format with time). The date should be in universal time though the utdate parameter can be used if this is not the case. If a time is included it is used in preference to the time value.
- time = "ut"
- Time of observation keyword with value given in decimal hours or HH:MM:SS.S format. The date may be a local time or universal time as selected by the uttime parameter. The time is used as is unless an exposure time keyword is specified, in which case the time will be corrected to the midpoint of the exposure from the beginning or end of the exposure. This time is not used if a time is given in the date keyword.
- exposure = "exptime"
- Exposure time keyword with value in seconds. If specified the time is corrected to the midpoint of the exposure. The time is assumed to be the beginning of the exposure unless the exposure time keyword name begins with a minus sign, for example "-exptime", in which case the time is used as the end of the exposure.
- ra = "ra", dec = "dec", epoch = "epoch"
- If the heliocentric Julian date is requested the right ascension (in hours) and declination (in degrees) of the observation is determined from these keywords. The values may be in either decimal or sexigesimal notation. An epoch keyword is optional and if given is used to precess the coordinates from the specified epoch to the observation epoch. If an epoch keyword is given but is not found in the header or can't be interpreted then it is an error. The epoch keyword value may begin with B or J. If the value is before 1800 or after 2100 a warning will be printed though the task will still compute the values.
- jd = "jd"
- If specified compute the geocentric Julian day (Greenwich) at the midpoint of the exposure and record the value in the specified header keyword.
- hjd = "hjd"
- If specified compute the heliocentric Julian day (Greenwich) at the midpoint of the exposure and record the value in the specified header keyword.
- ljd = "ljd"
- If specified compute the local Julian day number. This is an integer number which is constant for all observations made during the same night. It may be used to group observations by night in such tasks as refspectra .
- utdate = yes, uttime = yes
- Define whether the date and time of observation are in local standard time or in universal time.
- listonly = no
- List the computed values only and do not modify the image headers. When simply listing the images need not have write permission.
Setjd computes the geocentric, heliocentric, and integer local Julian dates from information given in the headers of the input list of images. This information may simply be listed or the values may be added or modified in the image headers. Only those values which have a keyword specified are computed, printed, and entered in the images. Thus, one need not compute all values and the dependent image header parameters required for computing them need not be present. For example, if the coordinates of the observation are not available one should set the hjd parameter to an empty string.
Often the date and time of observation are recorded either at the beginning or the end of an exposure. To compute the Julian dates at the midpoint of the exposure the exposure keyword is specified. A negative sign preceding the keyword name defines correcting from the end of the exposure otherwise the correction is from the beginning of the exposure. The exposure time must be in seconds and there is no allowance made for exposures which are interrupted. See also the task setairmass which may be used to compute a universal time midexposure value.
The date and time of observations should be given either in universal time. However, if they are given in local standard time (there is no provisions for daylight savings times) the utdate and uttime parameters may be used. Conversion between local and universal times, as well as the computation of the local integer date, requires the time zone in (positive) hours behind Greenwich or (negative) hours ahead of Greenwich. This information is determined from the observatory at which the observations were made. If the observatory is specified in the image header under the keyword OBSERVAT with a value which has an entry in the NOAO, local, or user observatory database then the value from the database is used. This is the safest way since the observatory is tied to the actual image. Otherwise, the observatory parameter defines the observatory. The special value "observatory" allows defining a default observatory with an environment variable or the observatory task. Explicitly use the parameter observatory.timezone use the value "obspars". For more information see help under observatory .
The heliocentric Julian date is computed by defining a keyword for this value and also defining the keywords for the right ascension (in hours) and declination (in degrees). An optional epoch keyword may be used if the RA and DEC are not for the observation epoch.
The local integer Julian day number is the Julian date which begins at local noon. Thus, all observations made during a night will have the same day number. This day number may be useful in grouping observations by nights. Note that in some time zones the UT date of observation may also be constant over a night.
Among the uses for this task is to define keywords to be used by the task refspectra . In particular, the exposure midpoint geocentric Julian date makes a good sort parameter and the local Julian day number makes a good group parameter.
1. Compute all the Julian date quantities for 4 arc exposures with header parameters given below.
demoarc1: OBSERVAT= 'KPNO ' / observatory EXPTIME = 60. / actual integration time DATE-OBS= '26/11/91 ' / date (dd/mm/yy) of obs. UT = '12:11:30.00 ' / universal time RA = '06:37:02.00 ' / right ascension DEC = '06:09:03.00 ' / declination EPOCH = 1991.9 / epoch of ra and dec demoarc2: OBSERVAT= 'KPNO ' / observatory EXPTIME = 60. / actual integration time DATE-OBS= '26/11/91 ' / date (dd/mm/yy) of obs. UT = '12:41:30.00 ' / universal time RA = '06:37:02.00 ' / right ascension DEC = '06:09:03.00 ' / declination EPOCH = 1991.9 / epoch of ra and dec demoarc3: OBSERVAT= 'CTIO ' / observatory EXPTIME = 60. / actual integration time DATE-OBS= '27/11/91 ' / date (dd/mm/yy) of obs. UT = '11:11:30.00 ' / universal time RA = '06:37:02.00 ' / right ascension DEC = '06:09:03.00 ' / declination EPOCH = 1991.9 / epoch of ra and dec demoarc4: OBSERVAT= 'CTIO ' / observatory EXPTIME = 60. / actual integration time DATE-OBS= '27/11/91 ' / date (dd/mm/yy) of obs. UT = '12:21:30.00 ' / universal time RA = '06:37:02.00 ' / right ascension DEC = '06:09:03.00 ' / declination EPOCH = 1991.9 / epoch of ra and dec cl> setjd demoarc?.imh # SETJD: Observatory parameters for Kitt Peak ... # Image JD HJD LOCALJD demoarc1.imh 2448587.0083 2448587.0127 2448586 demoarc2.imh 2448587.0292 2448587.0336 2448586 # SETJD: Observatory parameters for Cerro Tololo ... demoarc3.imh 2448587.9667 2448587.9711 2448587 demoarc4.imh 2448588.0153 2448588.0197 2448587
Note the use of the observatory parameter to switch observatories and the local Julian day number which is constant over a night even though the Julian date may change during the observations.
2. To compute only the geocentric Julian date from the "DATE" and "TIME" keywords in an image,
cl> setjd obs1 date=date time=time exp="" hjd="" ljd=""
- SETJD V2.11.2
- Y2K update: Updated to use the new FITS format for the date. If the time is given in the date keyword it is used in preference to the time keyword.
- SETJD V2.11
- The checking of the epoch keyword value was improved. Previously if there was a problem with the keyword value (missing or malformed) the task would use the epoch of the observation. Now it is an error if an epoch keyword is specified but the epoch value can't be determined. Also a leading B or J is allowed and a warning will be given if the epoch value is unlikely.