tjoin -- Combine two tables based on equal values in common columns
tjoin intable1 intable2 outtable column1 column2
This task combines two tables into a new table on the basis of one or more common columns. Two rows from the input tables are combined to form a row of the output table whenever the values in the common columns are equal. If a row in one of the input tables matches several rows in the other input table, all combinations of the rows are placed in the output table. Null table elements are never matched. Tables can be joined on row number as well as on column by setting the column name to "row".
This task has three hidden parameters, extrarows, tolerance, and casesens. By default, if a row in one of the input tables does not match any row in the other input table, it is not placed in the output table. However, if the parameter extrarows is set to first, rows in the first table that are unmatched are added to the output table and if extrarows is set to both, unmatched rows from both input tables are added to the output table.
The task parameter tolerance is a comma separated list of values. The number of values should either equal to the number of join columns or one. If only one value is supplied and there are more than one join column, the value is used for all columns. If the difference between two column values is less than or equal to the corresponding value of tolerance, the values are considered equal and their respective rows are placed in the output table.
If casesens = no, the case of a string is ignored when testing for equality. tolerance must be set to zero when comparing string or boolean columns.
If a value of tolerance is nonzero, the output table will contain the corresponding join columns from both tables. If a value of tolerance is zero, the output table will contain a single join column, as both values are identical. If a column name in the first input table is the same as a column name in the second input table, this task tries to create a unique name by appending "_1" to the first name and "_2" to the second name. If the task cannot create a unique name in this way, it stops with an error.
- intable[file name]
- First input table.
- intable[file name]
- Second input table.
- outtable [file name]
- Output table. This is the join of the two input tables.
- Names of the common columns in the first table. If there is more than one column name, the names should be separated by commas. If a column name is "row", the join is done on row number instead of the value of a column. This only works if there is not column named "row" in the table.
- Comma separated list of names of the common columns in the second table. The number of names must match the number of names in column1. The name may be "row", in which case the join is done on row number.
- (extrarows = "neither") [string, allowed values: neither|first|both]
- This parameter controls whether unmatched rows are added to the output table. If it is set to neither, unmatched rows are not added. If it is set to first, unmatched rows from the first table are added. If it is set to both, unmatched rows from both tables are added. When unmatched rows are added to the output table columns in the output table derived from the other table have their values left undefined.
- (tolerance = "0.0") [string]
- Tolerance used in testing for equality between common columns. The values must be greater than or equal to zero. If there is more than one common column, this parameter may be a comma separated list of values. In this case, the number of tolerance values must equal the number of common columns or be one. If there is only one tolerance value, the same value is used for all columns.
- (casesens = yes) [boolean]
- Is case important in testing equality of strings? If set to "yes", the test for equality is case sensitive.
1. Combine a table of star positions and a table of star magnitudes to create a star catalog. The star name is not case sensitive:
tt> tjoin starpos.tab starmag.tab starcat.tab name name case-
2. Create a table of all spectral lines that match a set of reference wavelengths within 10 angstroms:
tt> tjoin spectrum.tab reference.tab lines.tab WAVE WAVE tol=10.
3. Combine a phone list with an address list where the name is stored in two columns, "last" and "first".
tt> tjoin phone.tab address.tab output.tab LAST,FIRST LAST,FIRST
This task was written by Bernie Simon.